As its name suggests, the laboratory of reduction processes focuses on waste material treatment with the use of thermal processes in a reducing environment. The laboratory has two sections.
The first section is focused on waste biomass processing, in the order to come up with products with a higher added value, i.e. using the torrefication process to produce "super pellets", using pyrolysis to produce "bio coal" or the production of carbon activated sorbents by carbonization. Biomass is processed both in a batch laboratory scale and on a continuous pilot plant. Naturally, these solid products are also analysed, including the resulting gases and fluids.
The second section focuses on waste polymer material processing done with the use of catalytic pyrolysis. This is also called chemical recycling and its principle is to recover monomers (or similar chemical substances) from polymers, and then re-use this chemical substance to produce this polymer again. The part of the polymeric materials which is impossible to process by chemical recycling as well as other types of waste, e.g. products of organic processing, is reformed to hydrogen, using commercially available catalysts as well as our own ones.
Equipment for thermal treatment of solid and liquid wastes:
Ing. Pavel Leštinský, Ph.D.